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Georgia Cracking Down on Medicare and Medicaid Fraud

$520,000 False Claims Act settlement is second this week.

The state of Georgia is cracking down on Medicare and Medicaid fraud.

If there’s any doubt on that score, just look at the two False Claims Act settlements that came out this week – a $20 million settlement with the Medical Center of Central Georgia in Macon, and a $520,000 settlement with Irwin County Hospital in Ocilla.

Mike Bothwell of the Bothwell Law Group in Atlanta, who helped settle the second case in less than 20 months, notes that heath care fraud cases can be complex, but that the law provides real rewards for whistleblowers who step up with insider information that leads to recoveries and an end to fraud schemes.

In his Irwin County Hospital case, won with the help of co‐counsel Brandon Hornsby at the Hornsby Law Group in Atlanta, the whistleblowers walked away with a $130,000 award for helping stop the fraud, and as compensation for the retaliation that followed.

Federal and State False Claims Acts allow private citizens with insider knowledge of fraud, waste, and abuse to bring an action on behalf of the governments in order to stop the fraud. If the case is won, the government can recover over three times the amount defrauded, and successful whistleblowers can receive between 15 and 30 percent of the governments’ recovery.

“It’s all about incentivizing integrity,” says Bothwell. “Chiselers are always incentivized to cheat. The False Claims Act sets things right by providing a countervailing incentive to do the right thing.”

There’s no question the False Claims Act works. Last year, the U.S. government and the states recovered well over $6 billion thanks to whistleblower‐initiated cases.

Bothwell notes that a lot of False Claims Act cases involve health care – a situation likely to continue as the Affordable Care Act kicks in.

The Macon hospital settlement involved allegation of upcoding for more expensive inpatient services when the billing should have been for less costly outpatient or observation services.

In the Irwin County Hospital case, the allegations involved kickbacks for patient referrals and for billing for improperly performed imaging services.

Bothwell notes that it looks like a real fraud‐fighting partnership is forming between Georgia Attorney General Sam Olen’s Medicaid Fraud Control Unit, the U.S. Department of Justice, and Georgia whistleblowers and their attorneys.

“We’re seeing a real public/private partnership that is bringing a real dividend for the American people. That’s exactly how the law is supposed to work.” Mike Bothwell, Whistleblower Attorney


About the Bothwell Law Group:

Since 1996, the Bothwell Law Group has earned a national reputation for successful representation of whistleblowers in federal and state courts across the United States, and is one of only a handful of firms exclusively representing whistleblowers. Bothwell Law Group’s cases have resulted in the recovery of more than $400 million for the United States treasury and in the payment of millions of dollars in whistleblower rewards. Inquiries may be directed to Mike Bothwell at (770) 643‐1606, email

For more information about the firm, FCA settlements and FCA experience, see


Universal Health Services, Inc. And Related Entities To Pay $122 Million To Settle False Claims Act

False claims act

Universal Health Services, Inc. And Related Entities To Pay $122 Million To Settle False Claims Act Allegations Relating To Medically Unnecessary Inpatient Behavioral Health Services And Illegal Kickbacks

Universal Health Services, Inc., UHS of Delaware, Inc.(together, UHS), and Turning Point Care Center, LLC (Turning Point), a UHS facility located in Moultrie, Georgia, have agreed to pay a combined total of $122 million to resolve alleged violations of the False Claims Act for billing for medically unnecessary inpatient behavioral health services, failing to provide adequate and appropriate services, and paying illegal inducements to federal healthcare beneficiaries, the Department of Justice announced today. UHS owns and provides management and administrative services to nearly 200 acute care inpatient psychiatric hospitals and residential psychiatric and behavioral treatment facilities nationwide. UHS is headquartered in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania.

As part of a comprehensive civil settlement, UHS will pay the United States and participating states a total of $117 million to resolve allegations that its hospitals and facilities knowingly submitted false claims for payment to the Medicare, Medicaid, TRICARE, Department of Veterans Affairs, and Federal Employee Health Benefit programs for inpatient behavioral health services that were not reasonable or medically necessary and/or failed to provide adequate and appropriate services for adults and children admitted to UHS facilities across the country.

In a separate civil settlement, Turning Point will pay the United States and the State of Georgia $5 million to resolve allegations that it provided free or discounted transportation services to induce Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries to seek treatment at Turning Point’s inpatient detoxification and rehabilitation program or intensive outpatient program.

“The Department of Justice is committed to protecting patients and taxpayers by ensuring that the treatment provided to federal healthcare beneficiaries is reasonable, necessary, and free from illegal inducements,” said Acting Assistant Attorney General Ethan P. Davis for the Department of Justice’s Civil Division. “The Department will continue to be especially vigilant when vulnerable patient populations are involved, like those served by behavioral healthcare providers.”

The government alleged that, between January 2006, and December 2018, UHS’s facilities admitted federal healthcare beneficiaries who were not eligible for inpatient or residential treatment because their conditions did not require that level of care, while also failing to properly discharge appropriately admitted beneficiaries when they no longer required inpatient care. The government further alleged that UHS’s facilities billed for services not rendered, billed for improper and excessive lengths of stay, failed to provide adequate staffing, training, and/or supervision of staff, and improperly used physical and chemical restraints and seclusion. In addition, UHS’s facilities allegedly failed to develop and/or update individual assessments and treatment plans for patients, failed to provide adequate discharge planning, and failed to provide required individual and group therapy services in accordance with federal and state regulations.

Of the $117 million to be paid by UHS to resolve these claims, the federal government will receive a total of $88,124,761.27, and a total of $28,875,238.73 will be returned to individual states, which jointly fund state Medicaid programs.

“Quality mental health treatment is critical for the patients who place their trust in the hands of service providers,” said William M. McSwain, United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. “The allegations involved in this matter — inappropriate billing and inadequate care – have no place in our health care system. Behavioral health service entities must have strong mechanisms in place, including appropriate supervision and oversight, to avoid fraud and abuse in order to ensure they provide the level of care that their patients deserve.”

With respect to Turning Point, the government alleged that, from January 2007 until May 1, 2019, the facility provided free or discounted transportation services to Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries to induce them to seek detoxification and rehabilitation treatment at Turning Point’s inpatient or intensive outpatient programs.

“Illegal inducements should never play a role in a patient’s decision regarding treatment, especially when a patient is seeking care for addiction and other behavioral health needs,” said Byung J. “BJay” Pak, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Georgia. “Our office remains committed to pursuing unlawful arrangements that undermine the integrity of federal healthcare programs.”

The government’s settlement with UHS resolves 18 cases pending in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, Western District of Michigan, the Eastern District of Michigan, and Northern District of Georgia under the qui tam, or whistleblower, provision of the False Claims Act, which permit private parties to file suit for false claims on behalf of the United States and to share in any recovery. The whistleblower share of the federal portion of the settlement will be $15,862,457.03. The settlement with Turning Point resolves an additional qui tam lawsuit filed in the Northern District of Georgia. The whistleblower in that suit will receive $861,853.64, from the federal share of the Turning Point settlement.

“Providing top quality health care to service members and their beneficiaries is the primary mission of the Defense Health Agency. It’s unfortunate a company tried to take advantage of a system that ensures health care for those men and women who are on the front lines every day protecting our nation,” said Lt. Gen. Ronald Place, director, DHA. “We commend the Department of Justice and its partners for bringing justice to those responsible for knowingly defrauding TRICARE beneficiaries.”

“VA OIG continues to be vigilant in holding those accountable who defraud VA programs and ensure that tax payer dollars are appropriately utilized for the care of our nation’s veterans and their dependents. Also, we thank our law enforcement partners and the United States Attorney’s Office for their support,” said Acting Special Agent in Charge Jeffrey Stachowiak, Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General.

“The OPM OIG does not tolerate predatory behavior that risks the health and safety of vulnerable patients,” said Thomas W. South, Deputy Inspector General for Investigations for the Office of Personnel Management. “We are grateful for the fine work of our investigators and Department of Justice partners. Today’s settlement demonstrates OPM-OIG’s unwavering commitment to investigating conduct that affects vulnerable FEHBP enrollees.”

Contemporaneous with the civil settlements announced today, UHS, on behalf of its inpatient acute and residential behavioral health facilities, has entered into a Corporate Integrity Agreement with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General (OIG), which will remain in effect for five years. UHS must retain an independent monitor, selected by the OIG, which will assess UHS’s Behavioral Health Division’s patient care protections and report to the OIG. In addition, an independent review organization will perform annual reviews of UHS’s inpatient behavioral health claims to federal health care programs.

“Protecting the health and safety of Medicare and Medicaid patients is one of our primary concerns. Our Corporate Integrity Agreement provides future protection for patients and federal health care programs through controls and monitoring designed to ensure that UHS’s behavioral health facilities provide quality services and medically necessary care to patients,” said Gregory E. Demske, Chief Counsel to the Inspector General for the United States Department of Health and Human Services. “This case demonstrates that the government will aggressively pursue allegations of substandard inpatient care.”

The settlement with UHS was the result of a collaborative effort among numerous federal and state agencies. The Commercial Litigation Branch of the Department of Justice’s Civil Division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania handled the cases, with substantial assistance from the U.S. Attorneys’ Offices for the Middle District of Florida, the Northern District of Georgia, the Eastern District of Michigan, the Western District of Michigan, the Middle District of Georgia, the Northern District of Illinois, the Middle District of North Carolina, the Western District of North Carolina, the District of Oregon, the Middle District of Pennsylvania, the Southern District of Texas, the District of Utah, the Eastern District of Virginia, the Western District of Virginia, the Northern District of Oklahoma, and the District of Wyoming, as well as the National Association of Medicaid Fraud Control Units (NAMFCU). The Civil Division and NAMFCU coordinated the nationwide investigation of UHS in partnership with the Office of Inspector General for the Department of Health and Human Services; the Department of Defense Criminal Investigative Service; the Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Inspector General; the Office of Personnel Management, Office of Inspector General; and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The Civil Division’s Commercial Litigation Branch and the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia handled the Turning Point matter with assistance from the Office of Attorney General of Georgia and the Office of Inspector General for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

The civil settlement with UHS resolved the following captioned cases: United States ex rel. Gardner v. Universal Health Services, Inc., 2:17-cv-03332-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Naylor v. Universal Health Services, Inc., 2:14-cv- 06198-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Jain v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., No. 2:13-cv-06499-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Chisholm v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-01892-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Doe, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., No. 2:14-cv-00921 (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Pate v. Behavioral Hospital of Bellaire, et al., 2:15-cv-00554-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Brinson, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:14-cv-07275-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Mitchell v. Turning Point Care Center, Inc., et al., 2:15-cv-00259-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Peterson v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-01897-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Conaway, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv- 02233-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Eborall v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-03249-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Sachs, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-03604-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Klotz v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-05163-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Brockman, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc., et al., 2:17-cv-05350-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Glass v. Hughes Center, LLC., et al., 2:18-04018-AB (E.D. Pa.); United States ex rel. Parent-Leonard v. Forest View Psychiatric Hospital, et al., No. 1:18-cv-1426 (W.D. Mich.); United States ex rel. Russell, et al. v. Universal Healthcare Services, Inc., et al., No. 1:19-CV-0764 (N.D. Ga.); United States ex rel. McLauchlin, et al. v. Havenwyck Holdings, Inc., et al., No. 2:19-cv-10832 (E.D. Mich.).

The settlement with Turning Point resolved the case captioned United States ex rel. Heatley v Turning Point Care Center LLC, et al., 1:17-cv-3869-AT (N.D. Ga.).

The claims resolved by the settlements are allegations only, and there has been no determination of liability.



Civil Division

Press Release Number:

20-649 & Mike Bothwell Lawfirm does not claim or imply ownership of this article. 

Hospice to pay $1.75 million to resolve false claims act allegations

The USDJ Northern District recently published the below. See a portion below: 

ATLANTA – STG Healthcare of Atlanta, Inc. (“STG Healthcare”) and two of its senior executives, Paschal “Pat” Gilley and Mathew Gilley, have agreed to pay $1.75 million to resolve allegations that STG Healthcare, operating as Interim Healthcare of Atlanta, submitted or caused the submission of false claims to Medicare and Medicaid for patients who were not eligible for the hospice benefit and that resulted from STG Healthcare’s provision of unlawful payments to a referring physician in violation of the Anti-Kickback Statutes.

“Hospice is not a blank check for unscrupulous medical providers willing to admit patients who are not terminally ill,” said U.S. Attorney Byung J. “BJay” Pak.  “It is reserved for those who truly need it.  We will also continue to prioritize cases where it appears that a medical decision, especially the decision to forego curative treatment, has been influenced by a kickback.”

“When healthcare providers put their financial interests above the needs of patients the federal funds are diverted from where they are truly needed, putting our most vulnerable citizens at risk,” said Chris Hacker, Special Agent in Charge of FBI Atlanta. “The message is clear; the FBI will not tolerate companies who file false claims to generate more corporate revenue and take advantage of programs like Medicare & Medicaid.”

“As more Americans choose hospice care, more government funding is being provided to this critical service. Unfortunately, scammers are seizing an opportunity to steal precious funding by enrolling ineligible patients in hospice care,” said Derrick Jackson, Special Agent in Charge for the Office of Inspector General of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  “With our law enforcement partners, we will continue to protect patients and the programs on which they depend.”

“The hospice benefit provided by Medicaid is especially reserved for terminally ill Georgians at a critical time of transition in their care,” said Attorney General Chris Carr.  “Our office is proud to have worked alongside the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of Georgia in this effort, and we will continue to ensure the hospice benefit is not exploited and abused by health care providers to the detriment of Georgia taxpayers.”

The Medicare and Medicaid hospice benefit is available for patients who elect palliative treatment (medical care focused on providing patients with relief from pain, symptoms, or stress) for terminal illness and who have a life expectancy of six months or less if their illness runs its normal course.  Before billing government healthcare programs, a hospice provider must comply with Medicare and Medicaid’s requirements and ensure that patients who are foregoing curative care are in need of end-of-life care. & Mike Bothwell Lawfirm does not claim or imply ownership of this article. 

Full article link here:

Where Medical Insurance Fraud Cases Run Rampant, and How to Spot It

Prevent medical insurance fraud cases from robbing people in need of the care they deserve.

medical insurance fraud casesMedical insurance fraud cases don’t represent a victimless crime, and it doesn’t just affect big corporations. These types of crimes are directly responsible for shrinking benefits and higher costs. People who need insurance coverage get dropped every time insurers make adjustments. Anyone has the ability to make a difference by stopping insurance fraud in its tracks. Depending on the circumstances, doing so might add a few zeros to your bank balance.

Most Common Types of Healthcare Insurance Fraud

  • Billing for care never the professional didn’t provide
  • Misrepresenting details of care
  • Providing unnecessary care or prescribing unnecessary medication
  • Incorrectly diagnosing patients to substantiate expensive treatments
  • Failure to collect copayments
  • Offering kickbacks

The Most Common Problems

In over half of fraud cases, health care providers bill for services they never performed. The most worrisome cases involve multiple patients who many times suffer from some sort of disability. Their impairment makes them vulnerable to fraud or to threats by medical professionals who don’t want them to discuss what is (or rather, what isn’t) going on behind closed doors.

In many cases, patients don’t even see the provider. The visit is simply added to their bill. Offices then falsify patient records — or not. Investigators report that a majority of fraud cases get closed quickly because there is zero documentation to back up their false bills.

Both of these situations can be difficult to pinpoint unless you know a patient well. If you’re an in-home care provider, for instance, you can talk with the patient at length about what happened during their appointment and compare it against the bill. Likewise, if bills are arriving for dates and services the patient wasn’t involved in, there’s sufficient reason to ask more questions.

Misrepresenting Details of Care

When it comes to misrepresentation, many healthcare providers tell themselves they’re doing the right thing. They fudge dates or treatment types to ensure someone is paying for procedures their patients need. They might change locations or staff names around to ensure payments get spread around. People who benefit appreciate the results, so they rarely say anything to put a stop to it. However, most fraudsters don’t stop at simply helping their patients. They help money into their own pockets.

Take, for instance, the practice of changing dates. Clinics might perform two or three types of treatment during a single visit. The bill would include an office fee, exam fee, and specific treatment expenses. An office might choose to split this bill into three visits, each with their own office and exam charges.

Other Types of Fraud Can Hurt Patients

Other types of misrepresentation are dangerous for patients. For example, a fairly common type of fraud involves claims for therapy or treatment happening onsite when the patient performs it at home on their own. This can range from physical therapy to injections and wound care. Many of these practices aren’t covered by insurance because they’re not considered safe.

In other cases, doctors sign off on care that’s provided by staff without proper training. These kinds of clinics often bring in legitimate health providers to act as supervisors without letting them in on the details. Once they realize they’re dealing with an illegal operation, they might be too afraid of repercussions to come forward.

If bills come to your home detailing treatment performed on the wrong dates, in the wrong locations or in different ways than they’re delivered in reality, ask your health professional for an explanation. Medical billing is complicated and human error might have played a role, but there’s likelihood of fraud if it keeps happening.

Other types of fraud are becoming less common, but they are some of the most damaging in the industry.

How Fraud Robs Patients in Need of Critical Care

Throughout the 90s and early 2000s, one of the most common types of medical insurance fraud was writing bad prescriptions. Patients who didn’t need heavy-duty painkillers would get them, sell them and pay the doctor a little extra. Those scams are much less prevalent today because the government has gone out of its way to catch them. Unfortunately, it highlights exactly how fraud can cost patients in need.

The majority of community healthcare centers – facilities where low-income families go to receive the care they cannot afford anywhere else – do not prescribe pain medication. Urgent Care units won’t either. It takes an expensive trip to a family doctor or specialist to receive adequate pain management, and even then, a doctor might refer a patient to a specialty office. Few doctors will deal with the scrutiny of prescribing those kinds of drugs, even when they have a patient who would greatly benefit from taking them.

Access to quality, necessary care is at stake, and anyone can help secure it. If you’ve seen a business or health provider engaging in fraud, you have the ability to stop it.

Click to find out more about medical insurance fraud by contacting Bothwell Law Group online.

The Case Against Hospice Fraud Gets a Little Bit Murkier  

Hospice fraud has taken a hairpin turn into the hard-to-prosecute, harming honest hospice care providers, the government and whistleblowers alike.

Hospice FraudIn our evolved and humane culture, it’s only right that our elderly and terminal patients have a pleasant, government-supported place to spend their final days. Yet in the wake of the Affordable Care Act, it seems many hospice care centers have chosen to capitalize on the unprecedented potential of Medicare payments by filing claims that result in hospice fraud.

Among the companies under the microscope recently are Palliative Services of the Treasure Coast and Horizons Hospice. Both of them paid millions of dollars in fines for false Medicare claims, explains Home Health Care News. Given this, the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Office of Inspector General is now cracking down on hospice centers. They are more determined than ever to ensure government money gets spent wisely.

Yet the case is not that simple.

A Troubled Trial from the Start

The trial against AseraCare is a perfect illustration of how difficult it may prove to come to a decision over hospice care fraud. Among her various decisions over a several-year period, Judge Karon Owen Bowdre did anything but clarify or streamline the case. Her actions over that time include:

  • Splitting the case into two separate trials to address a) the fraud allegations and b) to treat the rest of the claims against AseraCare
  • Assertions she did not provide adequate instructions upfront, leading to the judge overturning the jury’s finding that AseraCare submitted 104 of its 121 claims falsely
  • Tossing out the case entirely, stating that with the vast disagreement over whether or not a patient is terminally ill, it’s impossible to prove the falsity

Today, the decision rests with the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, but the timeline is hazy at best, nonexistent at worse.

The result, to say the least, is massive confusion across the industry. Honest providers feel targeted and insecure. They are uncertain how to “ensure” their patients will really live six months or less. On the other hand, dishonest providers are happy to jump at the chance this troubling case provides. Whistleblowers, lastly, feel understandably helpless.

Confusion Persists, but Injustice Doesn’t Have To

Despite the recent claims that prosecuting hospice fraud grows ever more impossible, that’s not the case. Are you are a whistleblower concerned about injustice and misuse of government money? There is a place for you in the courtroom.

Come see us at Bothwell Law Group, where we dedicate all our energy to representing qui tam whistleblowers. A successful claim can mean rewards for you and support of the U.S. government, so don’t wait. Call us at 770.643.1606 today.

Five Most Common Types of Medical Malpractice Cases

Unfortunately, medical malpractice cases occur very frequently.

Medical Malpractice CasesConsidering how many mistakes occur in the medical setting, it’s amazing there aren’t more medical malpractice cases. Johns Hopkins Medicine reports that medical errors cause more than 250,000 deaths in the United States each year. This makes health care facilities bigger killers of Americans than anything else, except cancer and heart disease. Doctors, nurses and other health professionals are responsible for killing more American each year than car accidents, guns and terrorists…combined.

Put another way, 10 percent of all deaths in the United States are due to medical mistakes. The following is a list of some of the more common types of medical errors, especially those that lead to medical malpractice lawsuits.

#1: Failed Diagnosis

A failed diagnosis (or misdiagnosis) is one of the leading causes of medical malpractice cases. Misdiagnosis can occur when the doctor fails to notice the threatening health condition in a patient or mistakes a harmful condition for a one that is not harmful. A failed diagnosis is common with a variety of health problems such as cancer, pulmonary embolism, infection and heart attacks.

A failed diagnosis can occur for a variety of reasons. First, it can be because the patient does not present textbooks symptoms. Second, the doctor may feel pressure to avoid “unnecessary” testing or medical procedures.

For example, let’s say you have a patient that presents symptoms that suggest they may have pneumonia. But it’s cold and flu season and the doctor wants to avoid an unnecessary x-ray when all the patient could have is a bad cold. So instead of calling for an x-ray, the doctor sends the patient home with the instructions to drink plenty of fluids and get some rest.

It turns out the patient had pneumonia and dies from it because they didn’t get antibiotics fast enough. The doctor didn’t mean for this to happen. The doctor avoided that x-ray because their boss was under pressure from the insurance company to not “overtreat” patients. Unfortunately, this doctor overcorrected and failed to provide enough treatment.

Third, the doctor can be negligent because he or she isn’t paying attention to the patient or doesn’t properly read the patient medical records.

#2: Mistakes with Medications

Medication mistakes are common because they’re extremely easy to make. Misreading the handwriting on a medical chart, confusing decimal points when dosing (and giving 10mg instead of 1.0mg, for instance) and confusing when the patient last received a dose (resulting in a double dose or a skipped dose) can cause severe problems and easily result in medical malpractice.

#3: Defective Medical Device

The human body is a fantastic and complicated machine. And as great as our medical knowledge is, we only know a small fraction of exactly how the body works. You know how we cringe and gasp when we read or hear about medical treatments from hundreds of years ago involving bloodletting or cutting holes in the skull to let out evil spirits? A few hundred years from now, you can almost guarantee that people will look back at some of today’s treatments with the same level of disgust and surprise.

Because we know so little, our attempts to create artificial replacements for the human body don’t always work. For example, using special metal alloys for hip replacements is leading to a lot of patients suffering from metallosis or metal poisoning. This occurs when tiny bits of metal rub off and go into the surrounding tissues and bloodstream. The human hip is a simple ball and socket joint, yet medical device designers have so much trouble replicating it artificially. This difficulty often leads to defective medical devices.

#4: Mistake During Surgery

Surgery is a risky and complex procedure where a variety of things can go wrong. People sometimes come out of an operation with a medical tool or sponge still inside them. Or maybe they have the wrong leg or arm amputated. Or an anesthesiologist makes a mistake with the patient’s reaction to a particular type of anesthesia. And almost all of these mistakes are completely preventable. For example, some doctors place an “x” on the limb that they will remove. But other doctors place an “x” on the limb that will stay and does not receive an amputation. It’s easy to see how there can be confusion. It’s not that hard to create a standard protocol for amputations when training doctors, but for whatever reason, many doctors don’t receive this in their education.

#5: Injuries During Childbirth

Childbirth-related injuries are unfortunate and should be rare, but they’re not. So many things can go wrong during seemingly routine childbirth. And to complicate matters, doctors and nurses have to worry not just about the mother, but the unborn or recently born child as well.

Do You Need to Learn More About Medical Malpractice?

You can find out more about medical malpractice cases by contacting our skilled attorneys at Bothwell Law Group by clicking or calling 770.643.1606 today.

Why Kickbacks Are So Common in Medical Insurance Fraud

Medical insurance fraud commonly comes in the form of kickbacks.

medical insurance fraudHealth services make up a large portion of the American economy, so medical insurance fraud is a common occurrence. Kickbacks are one of the most common forms of illegal behavior in the healthcare setting, but why is this the case? And what are kickbacks, anyway? Read on to find out.

What Are Kickbacks and How Do They Work?

A kickback is similar to a bribe in that one party will pay another party for improper benefits. Looking at an example is the best way to understand what a kickback is.

In a hypothetical healthcare setting, let’s say you have the patient, the patient’s primary care physician, the patient’s insurance company and a doctor who focuses on treating arthritis (we’ll call this doctor “John”). Now let’s assume the patient suffers from joint pain and goes to see his primary care physician. After an examination, the primary care physician believes the patient might have arthritis and refers the patient to Doctor John. The patient sees Doctor John and receives medical treatment. Along the way, the patient’s insurance company pays each doctor for the medical services they provide.

In a hypothetical involving a kickback, the patient’s primary care physician examines the patient. But instead of referring the patient to Doctor John, refers him to Doctor Bob. In return for referring the patient to Doctor Bob, the primary care physician receives a payment from Doctor Bob as a “reward” for sending him a new patient. In this example, the payment Doctor Bob sends to the primary care physician is a kickback.

Why Are Kickbacks Common?

One reason why kickbacks are so easy is that they’re easy to hide. Looking back at the above example, Doctor Bob and the primary care physician could be great friends who spend a lot of time together, perhaps playing golf once a month. During each of these golf games, Doctor Bob puts a roll of unmarked $20 bills in the primary care physician’s golf bag when no one is looking.

Unless the physician tells someone about this kickback, there will be almost no way to identify or trace those unmarked bills. Do you think the primary care physician is going to record the cash in the office business ledger or report it to the IRS as taxable income? The answer is no. An individual can easily hide a few hundred dollars per month of ill-gotten gains by simply using the cash for ordinary purchases. In fact, the primary care physician’s spouse probably won’t even know about it.

But one of the biggest reasons why kickbacks are so common is the nature of the healthcare system in the United States. Before a patient can see a doctor who focuses on a particular area of medicine, they need a referral. In other words, if a patient wants to see Doctor B, they must first see Doctor A.  That doctor will give them a referral to see Doctor B.

In a perfect world, Doctor A will always refer patients to the best doctor, whether it’s Doctor B, C or D. Who Doctor A ultimately chooses is a judgment call. Doctors may not be able to provide a plausible reason to explain why they choose to refer a patient to one doctor and not another. This means it’s very easy to set up a situation for kickbacks.

Kickback Coverups

The only difficult part is covering up the kickback itself. As long as the kickback is small, it can probably remain hidden. But healthcare in the United States is expensive. With so much money flowing in and out of hospitals, doctor’s offices and clinics, it’s hard to keep track of it all. On top of that, the medical and financial records created from just one doctor’s visit are immense. Anyone would have trouble sorting through to catch a kickback scheme in action.

This is especially true in cases where a person has numerous medical procedures and bills or is in under medical care for a long period of time. Think of a person who undergoes cancer treatment, then spends several months in hospice before their death. That could be a good example of a case where unscrupulous providers could bill much more than they actually should.

In many situations, only an individual with a very detailed understanding of the financial operations of a healthcare facility can identify a kickback scheme. This is why whistleblowers are so important to stop kickbacks.

Looking for Additional Information about Fraud Related to Medical Insurance?

Click to find out more about medical insurance fraud by contacting our team at Bothwell Law Group online.

Historical Amount of Medicare Fraud Arrests

Despite the historical number of Medicare fraud arrests, more are set to come. 

According to Modern Healthcare reporter Lisa Schencker, “Federal officials announced Thursday the largest coordinated, criminal Medicare fraud takedown—and the first large-scale effort to focus on Medicare Part D fraud—in the history of the U.S. Justice Department.

Over the last three days, the Medicare Fraud Strike Force has unveiled charges against 243 individuals across the country accused of falsely billing $712 million to Medicare in a number of separate schemes, said U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch. Those charged include 46 doctors, nurses and other licensed medical professionals.”

Of those arrested, more than 44 have been charged with fraud related to Medicare’s drug benefit program – Medicare Part D.

HHS Inspector General Daniel Levinson said costs in Medicare Part D reached $121 billion last year. “Our focus on Medicare Part D continues because more than 41 million Americans depend on that program, and its integrity must be protected,” Levinson said.

Law firms, like Health Law Partners, are starting to see a lot of fraud enforcement in the pharmacy area.

Medicare Part D More Difficult to Prosecute

Since Medicare Part D payments are capitated, instead of being fee-for-service, prosecuting in this area can be more difficult to prosecute than other areas of Medicade, according to Patrick Burns, co-director of the Taxpayers Against Fraud Education Fund.

Tony Maida, a former deputy chief of the administrative and civil remedies branch of HHS’ Office of Inspector General, also noted in a statement that the announcement Thursday “was packaged together by the government to create a high level of media and public exposure, as well as for a deterrent effect.”

Types of Charges Against the 243 Individuals

In this latest federal effort to crack down on fraud, the 243 individuals accused were charged with a variety of crimes including “conspiracy to commit healthcare fraud, violating the anti-kickback statute, money laundering and aggravated identity theft in areas including home healthcare, psychotherapy, physical and occupational therapy, durable medical equipment and pharmacy fraud.”

Who’s Investigating These Cases?

Medicare Strike Force teams from the Fraud Section of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division as well as U.S. attorney’s offices around the country are prosecuting and investigating these cases.

If you are aware of Medicare fraud, contact a Medicare Fraud Attorney as soon as possible.


Endangering Babies For Profit

Bottom line: Medicaid pays the same amount for a Midwife as for an Ob-Gyn. Thus, some hospitals have a financial incentive to push even the high-risk patients to use Midwives rather than doctors. Unfortunately, this is happening at considerable risk and sometimes serious damage to patients.

$100 Million Lawsuit Filed

$100 Million federal law suit was filed against Indiana University Health and 2 associated medical organizations, Healthnet and MDWise.  Allegations state “Contrary to their carefully crafted image of offering compassionate care for the indigent, two of the largest healthcare providers in Indianapolis put poor, pregnant women and their newborn babies at risk with a fraud scheme designed to increase revenues, regardless of the law or the risks to the most medically-fragile patients.”

A doctor at the hospital filed a complaint after what she saw there. Dr. Judy Robinson is the former medical director at the hospital. “I’m filing this lawsuit because of the abysmal care I witnessed these people receiving. And, after approaching IU Health, nobody would do anything.” Robinson pointed out that patients who should have received monitoring during their pregnancy didn’t receive the monitoring. “There was little to no physician involvement in the obstetrical care of these high-risk patients.”

Under the state Medicaid reimbursement rules, “Nurse midwives may not provide services to members with medically high-risk pregnancies. However, according to the lawsuit, lower-cost nurse midwives handled high-risk patients, in violation of the Medicaid regulations.

To make it worse, the hospital filed false-claims with the state and federal government for doctor services the patients never received. The hospitals are using midwives but getting reimbursed for using doctors.

Babies Permanently Damaged

According to Dr. Robinson, at least 3 babies suffered permanent neurological damage and 17 infants nearly missed a tragic outcome.

Watch the TV interview here. 

Thanks to whistleblowers like Dr. Judy Robinson, the lives of children may be dramatically changed for the better.

If you think you may have a whistleblower case, have a confidential talk with a whistleblower attorney as soon as possible. These are time-sensitive matters. A whistleblower attorney knows how to protect your rights and get results.

Children’s Hospital Pays Millions in Settlement

Hospitals around the country have been accused of violating the false claims act.  Children’s Hospital in D.C. is among them.

The allegations against Children’s Hospital

Children’s Hospital, Children’s National Medical Center Inc. and it’s affiliated entities, collectively known as CNMC faced claims of violating the False Claims Act. They are accused of submitting false claims reports and other applications to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and to Medicaid programs in Virginia and the District of Columbia.

Violating False Claims Act Raises Health Care Costs for Everyone

“The false reporting alleged in today’s settlement deprived the Medicare Trust Fund of millions of taxpayers’ dollars,” said Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Benjamin C. Mizer of the Justice Department’s Civil Division.  “Such conduct wastes critical federal health care program funds and drives up the costs of health care for all of us.”
“The integrity of federal health care programs depends on honest and accurate reporting from the hospitals and other health care providers that receive hundreds of billions of tax dollars every year,” said Acting U.S. Attorney Vincent H. Cohen Jr. of the District of Columbia.  “This settlement demonstrates our commitment to defending the integrity of the system and ensuring that taxpayer money goes to meet the most critical health care needs.  We will continue to work with whistleblowers like the former employee who came forward in this case to battle waste, fraud and abuse that fuel the skyrocketing cost of health care.”

The settlement Agreement

Children’s Hospital agreed to pay $12.9 million in a settlement agreement. According to the settlement agreement, in two distinct ways, CNMC misstated information on cost reports and applications.  The HHS and Medicaid programs used the false information to calculate reimbursement rates to CNMC. The United States contended that CNMC falsely reported its available bed count on its application to HHS’ Health Resources and Services Administration under the Children’s Hospitals Graduation Medical Education (CHGME) Payment Program. This program provides federal funds to freestanding children’s hospitals to help maintain their graduate medical education programs. Such programs train pediatric and other residents.

The United States further contended that CNMC filed cost reports which misstated their overhead costs. These false reports resulted in overpayment from Medicare as well as the Virginia and District of Columbia Medicaid programs.

Allegations against CNMC were filed by James A. Roark Sr., a former employee of CNMC, under the qui tam or whistleblower provisions of the False Claims Act.  Under the False Claims Act, a private citizen can sue on behalf of the United States and share in any recovery. The United States is entitled to intervene in a False Claims Act lawsuit, as it did in this case.

From the $12.9 million settlement, Mr. Roark will receive $1,890,649.98.

Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team (HEAT) Initiative

In May 2009, the Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and Human Services announced the Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team (HEAT) initiative. This was done in efforts to combat health care fraud. The two departments are working together to reduce and prevent Medicare and Medicaid financial fraud through enhanced cooperation. One of their most powerful tools is the False Claims Act.

$24.3 billion has been recovered through False Claims Act cases since January 2009. More than $15.3 billion involves fraud against federal health care programs.
Please note: This particular matter was handled by the U.S. Attorney’s Office of the District of Columbia with assistance from the Civil Division’s Commercial Litigation Branch and the HHS’ Office of Inspector General.
The case is United States ex rel. Roark v. Children’s Hosp., et al., No. 1:14-cv-00616 (D.D.C.).
The claims resolved by the settlement are allegations only, and there has been no determination of liability.


Pharmaceuticals Paying Doctors

Are Doctors Relying on Pharmaceutical Companies to Pay Their Salaries?

More and more evidence seems to indicate that pharmaceutical companies are funneling money into the pockets of doctors who regularly prescribe their medications. This makes many people wonder whether they really need the medications they take, or if they are helping their physicians pay for their cruises, homes, and fancy cars.

The Startling Figures

According to an analysis performed by Modern Healthcare using an Open Payments database regarding Medicare Part D information, some 400 doctors prescribed more than $1 million worth of drugs in Medicare’s Part D prescription program. Of those 400 doctors, 23% received some sort of financial kickback from the drug manufacturer, whether in the form of consulting fees or other perks. As an example, a neurologist in Saginaw, Michigan named Dr. Gavin Awerbuch billed Medicare for more than $6.4 million worth of Subsys, a drug designed to help cancer patients fight pain, in 2013. The Justice Department indicted him last year for the fraudulent prescription of unnecessary medications.

Other Guilty Parties

Dr. Awerbuch is not the only party guilty of receiving money for prescribing medications. Dr. Vallerie McLaughlin, a University of Michigan cardiologist, prescribed nearly $5 million worth of Tracleer to Medicare recipients in 2013. This made her the sixth-highest prescriber of a single drug. What’s more, the manufacturers of that drug, Actelion Pharmaceuticals, a Swiss company, paid her $40,491 that year in clinical consulting fees, meals, and travel. Is that merely a coincidence, or are physicians truly prescribing unnecessary medications just to line their pockets?

Is It Legal?

There is no law that prevents pharmaceutical companies from rewarding doctors who regularly prescribe their medications. However, the drug makers cannot simply write the physicians checks for a job well done. Instead, they pay “consultation fees” to the doctors, which is nothing more than a clever way for the physician to earn a handsome kickback simply for prescribing a popular medication. Often, these fees include things such as luxurious meals, travel accommodations, and more – and sometimes even for the physician’s family, too.

What Does This Mean for Medicare Recipients?

Does this mean that Medicare recipients should be wary of every single drug they are prescribed? In some cases, yes. Although there is no proof that doctors across the country continue to prescribe medications to people who do not need them just to get financial kickbacks, it is happening – and it has been proven in some cases. Medicare recipients who receive prescriptions should carefully question their physicians to determine whether the drug is truly necessary. What’s more, obtaining a second opinion is also an option. Patients should do their own research and assist in determining whether medications are helpful or not necessary at all.

It is certainly sad that physicians who swore oaths to “do no harm” would prescribe their patients to take potent medications, often with severe side effects and the potential for addiction, even when those drugs are not necessary, just to earn some extra cash. It means that consumers must be on their toes, questioning their healthcare teams in times of sickness and health alike.

Prescription Drug Costs Rising

False Claims Act | SEC Whistleblower Claim

The Truth behind Exorbitant Prescription Drug Costs

Pharmaceutical companies claim that the tremendous costs of prescription drugs are due to the sheer amount of research and development that goes into creating them. However, there is more to it than that. Pharmaceutical companies have one primary goal: maximizing the value of the company to shareholders. Often, maximizing that value equates to Americans paying exorbitant prices for their prescription medication – and some of these medications keep people alive.

How It Works

Big-name pharmaceutical companies across the globe are jacking up the prices of necessary prescription medications for no other reason than to increase revenue. While the pharmaceutical industry is like any other in that a little competition is healthy for the end users of the medications, many companies have taken things to extremes. A company may buy a medication that it sees as undervalued, then raise the price by 100%, 200% or even as much as 500%. Aside from this, companies put a high price tag on new treatments and regularly raise the prices of older medications, too. While the shareholders may be happy about these changes, the people who need their medications to stay alive are often swimming in debt.

Valeant Leads the Industry in Price Hikes

The Canada-based company known as Valeant is perhaps the key player in the industry price hikes. Since early 2011, the company has raised the prices on its medications by at least 20% some 122 times. More recently, on February 10 of this year, the company purchased the rights to a pair of life-saving heart medications known as Isuprel and Nitropress. The day following the acquisition, Isuprel’s price rose 525% from $215.46 to a jaw-dropping $1,346.62 for a one-milliliter vial. Nitropress jumped 212% from an original price of $257.80 to an astonishing $805.61 for a two-milliliter vial.

Other Companies Following Suit

Another prime example is the acquisition of Cadence Pharmaceuticals by Mallinckrodt PLC. Mallinckrodt purchased the company in order to gain the rights to Ofermev, a pain injection they believed was significantly undervalued. Three months later, the price of the already expensive injection jumped 2 ½ times to $1,019.52 for 24 doses. Horizon, another common pharmaceutical company, purchased the rights for a pain tablet known as Vimovo from the well-known AstraZeneca in 2013. Horizon sold Vimovo for the first time on Jan. 1, 2014 at a price 597% more than the original cost, which was $959.04 for 60 tablets.

Even generic drug prices are rising. Doxycycline, the most commonly used malaria treatment in the world today, has increased from an average price of $20 for 500 tablets to a whopping $1800 for the same amount. The drug is readily available in other countries for $40, which is a testament to corporate greed in the North American pharmaceutical industry. These prices not only take a huge toll on the average consumer, but they drive up the costs of health insurance programs, too.